There’s now a global debate on migration that’s making headline news in the United States and Europe in particular. There’s a big concern about the explosion in the number of refugees. The figure reached 21.3 million people during last year and the number is still increasing. There’s also more concerns bout economic migrants as well.
Today a minimum of one in every 33 people living on Earth is classified as an international migrant. This one issue is having a major effect on the politics and elections of countries throughout the world. The discussion has become a major issue in the US. The Donald Trump administration has already issued anorder to limit immigration to the US. It also has plans to find and deport millions of illegal immigrants.
In Europe, far-right nationalists are actually guarding the borders in order to keep migrants/refugees out from the Middle East, Central Asia, and North Africa. However, there are also big migration issues that haven’t made headline news yet. That includes the situation in Mexico. It’s in the “Northern Triangle” nations of Central America. There’s also Venezuela and other countries in South America that are also dealing with immigration issues.
Latin America and also the Caribbean region include 632 million people. It’s often been home to voluntary/involuntary migration. In the past migrants moved to cities and suburbs. It could be said that Latin America urbanized prior to it becoming industrialized.
Today about four-fifths of Latin American now live in cities. The region is now close to finishing its transition from rural to urban areas. By the year 2050 90% of Latin America’s population will live in cities/towns. There are still various urban migration issues. However, there are other major challenges.
For example, immigrations have had a big effect on the Latin America’s economies, politics, and culture. In the past couple centuries it has had tons of immigrants from Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. That includes a wide array of different immigrants including colonizers and refugees.
These big movements in thepopulation have been huge. For example, Brazil now has the most African, Japanese, and Syrian descendants outside their home nations. Another major factor is that Argentina now has one of the world’s biggest Syrian-Lebanese communities in the entire world. It’s about 3.5 million people.
Latin America has a tradition of being refugee-friendly. A 1984 bill was a major change in international law. The region is now getting stricter about immigration. The nations of region talk about open borders and asylum sanctuaries. However, the governments aren’t really willing to accept a bigger percentage of international refugees.
Last year there were signs that countries such as Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, and Brazil would start accepting refugees from Syria. However, the actions of the countries didn’t match the rhetoric. One example is Brazil. The nation has a population more than 200 million people, but only about 8.900 total refugees. The country’s authorities promised to accept a total 10,000 Syrians but went back on the promise last year. Since then Argentina and Uruguay have just accepted a couple hundred.